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État des lieux des recherches sur les enfants exposés à la violence conjugale – ESTSS
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Caractéristiques du fonctionnement psychique des auteurs de violences conjugales
Article original Threat perception, feelings of blame and post-traumatic stress symptoms in children exposed to domestic violence. Paul , C. Zaouche Gaudron. Abstract English French The aim of this study is to examine the effect of children's exposure to domestic violence on the presence of post-traumatic stress symptoms and to analyze the role of threat perception and feeling of self-blame.
État des lieux des recherches sur les enfants exposés à la violence conjugale
We suppose that the more the children and mothers tell us that the domestic violence has been serious and frequent, the more the children will feel guilty for its appearance and will consider it as threatening. We postulate that the children's interpretation of domestic violence, through the perception of threat and self-blame, will lead them to show more post-traumatic stress symptoms when the children perceive a big threat and blame themselves for the violence. Finally, we consider the moderating role of threat perception and feeling of self-blame on the connection between domestic violence and post-traumatic stress symptoms of children.
Forty-six children 26 girls and 20 boys aged from 6 to 12 years old, living in shelters in France, were interviewed as well as their mothers, completing different questionnaires. For the threat perception and the feeling of blame, the children completed two CPIC subscales and filled in the Trauma Symptom Checklist for Children Briere, to analyze the presence of traumatic symptoms anxiety, depression, anger, post-traumatic stress, dissociation. Our findings show that the degree of exposure to domestic violence presages threat perception, the feeling of self-blame and the symptom of anxiety.
The feeling of self-blame is linked to the child's depression and anger. Finally, the moderating role of threat perception was noticed on the symptoms of anger and dissociation and the feeling of self-blame on the symptom of post-traumatic stress.
So, when domestic violence becomes serious and frequent and if the child does not perceive violence as threatening, then the symptom of anger increases. In the same way, when violence gets more important and the child has a low perception of the threat, the dissociation symptom score increases. Finally, when the child feels guilty for the violence, the more the violence is frequent and severe, the less the child shows post-traumatic stress symptoms.
The effect of the feelings of self-blame and threat on the presence of post-traumatic stress symptoms must be taken into account in order to help children exposed to domestic violence. Authors Close.